According to Pro. Hofstede’s Culture Dimension model, there are some differences between China and America.
Firstly, based on the model, the PDI of China is 80 while America is 40. The statistics show that inequality is acceptable in China, on the contrary, Americans are more equal. I think China is better than America in this dimension. “This can be attributed primarily to the Communist rule and teachings of Confucius: stresses loyalty, respect for age and seniority, emphasis on harmony. ” (Crown) I think in China, under the high power distance system, the higher authorities can lead people to accomplish the projects in a more efficient way. Whereas, in America, the PDI is low, which means people may not obey the leaders’ orders.
Secondly, in the model, I can see China is focus on groups more than on individuals while America is a country which focus highly on individuals. There is an old Chinese saying goes that, “Union is strength.” One person’s ability is limited, but if people work on group, nothing is impossible. Chinese people like working with groups while Americans like working by person, I think with the help of group members, people can make bigger progress.
Thirdly, both of China and America are at a high score on masculinity, it indicates that people in China and America pay much attention on competition, achievement and success. As far as I’m concerned, it’s a good thing for people to put more energy on competition, because it can help people make bigger progress and the society can develop faster.
Fourthly, China scored lower on UAI than America. “While China may not always place great emphasis on laws (this emphasis has changed radically in the last 20 years) and the official religion is atheism, the culture expectancy placed on everyone tends to control behavior.” (Kriss, 2006) Chinese government preferred ruling the people based on morality rather than laws. I think it can help people have a better understanding of social responsibility.
Fifthly, on the long term orientation dimension, China has a score of 118 while America has only 29. In China, people emphasis on plans. I think with a good plan, people can do things better.
All in all, I think China is better than America on this five dimensions.
Crown, R. (n.d.). Geert hofstede’s cultural dimensions: China vs. world average. Retrieved from http://web.crownrelo.com/relo/globalpassport/culture.china.html
Kriss, S. (2006, May 21). Hofstede’s five culture dimensions. Retrieved from http://www.customerthink.com/article/hofstedes_five_cultural_dimensions